Surname Origin and Meanings: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Family History Resources A Surnames Origins & Meanings

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Many surnames are associated with the place/locality of where the family lived and in those cases the location is noted as the meaning.
Many surnames are associated with the occupation of the person given the name.

Surname Origin Meaning
Aaron Hebrew              Hebrew Signifies a mountaineer, or mount of strength
Aarons Hebrew              Hebrew Aarons Son
Aaronson Hebrew              Hebrew Aaron's Son
Abb Hebrew              Hebrew Abraham
Abbee French              French abbey
Abberle English             English Abberley Worcester
Abbiss Abby's son
Abbot chief ruler of an abbey
Abdallah Turkish             Turkish The servant of God
Abel Hebrew              Hebrew Vanity, breath
Abendroth German              German abend, evening, and roth, red
Abercrombie Celtic-Gaelic       Celtic-Gaelic parish in Fife, Scotland
Aberdeen Celtic-Gaelic       Celtic-Gaelic city in Aberdeenshire
Aberdene Celtic-Gaelic       Celtic-Gaelic city in Aberdeenshire
Abernethy Celtic-Gaelic       Celtic-Gaelic a town in Strathern, Scotland, on the river Tay
Abijah Hebrew              Hebrew The will of the Lord
Abner Hebrew              Hebrew Father or Light
Abney Norman-French       Norman-French Aubigny, a town of France, in the department of Berry
Abraham Hebrew              Hebrew The father of a great multitude
Absolom Hebrew              Hebrew Father of Peace
Acheson Cornish-British     Cornish-British An inscription or memorial
Ackart Saxon               Saxon Ack, oak, and ard, nature, disposition
Ackerley English             English aker, a division of land + ley, a lea or field
Ackerman Saxon               Saxon Acker, oaken, made of oak, and man
Ackers Saxon               Saxon place of oaks, or oak-man
Ackland Saxon               Saxon a place in North Devonshire, England,
Ackman Saxon               Saxon ack, or ake, oak, and man
Ackworth Celtic              Celtic Oak Tree Estate or Ford
Acreman English             English acer, a field + man
Acres English             English acer - a field
Acroyd Scandinavian        Scandinavian Oak-Ridding clearing
Acton Saxon               Saxon oak-town
Ada Saxon               Saxon Eade
Adair Celtic-Gaelic       Celtic-Gaelic Ath, a ford, and dare, from darach, the place of oaks
Adams Hebrew              Hebrew Man, earthly, or red
Adcock little Ad or Adam
Addenbrooke English             English Dweller at the brook
Adderley English             English the common-field land
Addison son of Adam, Adie or Addie
Adee Adam
Adie Adam
Adkins son of Adam
Adlam Saxon               Saxon adel, fine, noble, and ham, a village or castle
Adlar Dutch               Dutch Adelaar, an eagle
Adlington English             English adling, prince; tun, manor
Adnett French              French son of Adam
Adolphus Saxon               Saxon Ead, happiness, and ulph, help
Adrian Latin               Latin the city of Hadria
Adshead English             English Headland
Affleck Celtic-Gaelic       Celtic-Gaelic the lands and barony of Auchinleck, near Dundee, in Angusshire, Scotland
Agan Gaelic              Gaelic Eigin, force, violence
Agar Celtic-Gaelic       Celtic-Gaelic Aighear signifies gladness, joy, gayety
Agate English             English at the Gate
Aglionby Norman-French       Norman-French Aglion, an eaglet, and by, a residence or habitation
Agnew Norman-French       Norman-French the town of Agneau in Normandy
Aguiler French-Latin        French-Latin Needle Maker
Ahern Celtic              Celtic Ech Tighern = Horse-Lord
Aiken Saxon               Saxon Oaken
Aikman Saxon               Saxon ack, oak, and man
Ainsworth Welsh-British       Welsh-British ains, a spring, a river, and gwerth, a place, possession, or court
Aird Celtic              Celtic Tall, exalted, noble
Aiston Celtic              Celtic East Farmstead or village
Aitkin son of Arthur
Aiton Norman-French       Norman-French ea or eau, water, and ton, a town
Akam English             English Oak Tree Enclosure or Dwelling
Aked English             English Oak-Head land
Akehurst English             English OakWood
Akeman Saxon               Saxon Oakman
Aken Saxon               Saxon Oaken
Akers Saxon               Saxon ac and ake being old terms for oak
Akin Saxon               Saxon Oaken
Alan hound
Alanson son as Alan
Albany French              French Albi(g)ny, now Aubigny, France
Albert German              German beort or bert, signifies famous, fair, and clear, bright
Albin French-Latin        French-Latin White, Fair
Albrecht Saxon               Saxon All-bright
Albright Teutonic            Teutonic Noble, bright, glorious
Albury English             English old Borough
Alcock little Hal or Al
Alcott English             English Old Cottage
Aldcroft English             English Old Croft, a small field
Alden Saxon               Saxon ald, old, and den or dun, a hill or town
Alderman English             English Duke, magistrate, chief
Aldersey Saxon               Saxon The isle of alders
Alderslade English             English alder tree valley
Aldersmith English             English older smith
Alderton English             English aldertree farm
Aldham English             English old enclosure or dwelling
Aldis Saxon               Saxon old house
Aldjoy Saxon               Saxon all-joy
Aldred Saxon               Saxon All-fear
Aldridge Saxon               Saxon All-fear
Aldwin English             English Old friend
Aldworth English             English old estate or farm
Alexander Greek               Greek aider or benefactor of men
Alford Saxon               Saxon old ford
Alfort Locality            Locality A village in France, two leagues from Paris
Alfred Saxon               Saxon all, and fred or friede, peace
Algar Gaelic              Gaelic Noble
Alger English             English Old Spear
Alice Saxon               Saxon Adeliz, noble
Allan Scottish            Scottish Aland, a wolf-dog, a hound
Allchin Anglo-Saxon         Anglo-Saxon Allwine
Allcorn English-Sussex      English-Sussex The temple corner or corner of land
Allen Scottish            Scottish Aland, a wolf-dog, a hound
Allenby Celtic              Celtic Allen's dwelling or farm
Allendorf A town in Hesse, Germany
Alley passage or walk
Allgood Saxon               Saxon All-good
Alliman French-Teutonic     French-Teutonic All-Men
Allingham English             English Aille or Aella family ham = home, extate
Allington Anglo-Saxon         Anglo-Saxon Ellendun = Elder-Tree Hill
Allinson Allen's Son
Allison Alice's son
Allman French-Teutonic     French-Teutonic All-Men
Alloway Celtic              Celtic Wild Field
Allwood English             English old wood
Allworthy English             English old estate or farm
Allwright Old Wright
Almey Scandinavian        Scandinavian Elm Island
Almgill Scandinavian        Scandinavian elm ravine
Almond English             English Temple-protection
Alp English             English bullfinch
Alpin Scottish            Scottish A pet name, with -in diminutive ending
Alsford English             English Alder-Tree Ford
Alsop Locality            Locality Alsop, Co. Derby, England
Althorp English             English old village
Alton English             English Old Farm, Manor, or Village
Alvarez Spanish             Spanish son of Alvaro
Alverston Cornish-British     Cornish-British al, high, ver, green, and don or ton, a hill
Alverton Cornish-British     Cornish-British al, high, ver, green, and don or ton, a hill
Alvin Saxon               Saxon All-winning or victorious
Alvord Saxon               Saxon old ford
Alwin Saxon               Saxon All-winning or victorious
Amaker Locality            Locality Amager, a small Danish island to the east of Copenhagen
Ambler French              French Ambleur, an officer of the king's stables
Ambrose Greek               Greek divine, immortal
Amery German              German Emerich or Immer-reich, always rich
Ames French              French Amie, a friend, beloved
Amherst Saxon               Saxon ham, a town or village, and hurst or herst, a wood
Ammadon Gaelic              Gaelic Amadan, a numskull, a simpleton
Amoore English             English at the moor
Ampte Dutch               Dutch Ampt, an official situation
Amy French-Latin        French-Latin Friend
Anastasia Greek               Greek Christ's resurrection
Andarton British             British an, the; dar, an oak, and ton, a hill
Anderson Scottish            Scottish son of Andrew
Andrew Greek               Greek A brave man
Angel Greek               Greek messenger
Angell French              French Angel, Messenger
Anger German              German angar, a pasture, meadow
Angevine Anjou, in France
Angle Greek               Greek messenger
Angood French-Teutonic     French-Teutonic Ancestral God
Angus Locality            Locality A county of Scotland, sometimes called Forfarshire
Anker Latin-Greek         Latin-Greek Anchorite, hermit, monk
Annan Locality            Locality A river and borough of Scotland
Annandale Celtic-English      Celtic-English The Dale of the River Annan
Annesley Locality            Locality a town in Nottinghamshire, England
Anscombe English             English Anne's hollow or valley
Ansell Anselm
Anselm Teutonic            Teutonic Hamstzhelm, a defender of his companions
Anson son of Ann
Anstruther Gaelic              Gaelic Anstruth, an ancient order of historians or bards among the Celts
Anthon Anthony
Anthony Latin               Latin Antius, a son of Hercules
Anton Greek               Greek A flower; flourishing, beautiful, graceful
Anwell Celtic              Celtic Beloved, dear
Appleby Scandinavian        Scandinavian Orchard or the apple-tree farm
Applegarth Locality            Locality The orchard, apple-garden
Applegate English             English Apple Tree gate
Applethwaite Scandinavian        Scandinavian Apple Tree clearing
Appleton Locality            Locality The town abounding in apples
Apps English             English the aspen tree or the fir tree
Apsey English             English Aspen Island
Arblaster Balistarius, a cross-bowman
Arbuthnot Locality            Locality the land and barony of Arbuthnot in the Mearns, Scotland
Arceneau French              French gunmaker
Archibald German              German Erchenbald, a powerful, bold, and speedy learner or observer
Ardal Celtic              Celtic ar, upon, and dol or dal, a vale, on the vale
Arderne English             English Cheshire place-name
Ardgall Celtic              Celtic ar, upon, and dol or dal, a vale, on the vale
Ardley English             English Arda's Lea or home
Argent French-Latin        French-Latin Argentus' Estate
Argyle Gaelic              Gaelic Earra Ghaidheal, that is, the country of the western Gael
Arkle Scandinavian        Scandinavian Arkcoll, Arkell, Arkill, & Arkle - Eagle-Kettle, sacrificial cauldron
Arkwright English             English Chest-Maker
Arlon Locality            Locality Arlon, a town in the Netherlands, thirteen miles east from Luxemburg
Armes English             English Poor, wretched
Armfield English             English Poor Field
Armistead Saxon               Saxon The place of arms
Armitage Locality            Locality Hermitage, the cell or habitation of a hermit, formerly a wilderness or solitary place
Armitstead English             English Hermit's Place
Armour Armorer, a maker of armor
Armsted Saxon               Saxon The place of arms
Armstrong strength in battle
Arnold German              German are or ehre, honor, and hold, faithful or devoted to
Arrowsmith English             English Arrow maker
Arthur British             British Ar (Latin vir), a man, and thor, strong
Artois Locality            Locality the province of Artois in the Netherlands
Arundale English             English Eagle-dale
Arundel Locality            Locality the dale on the Arun
Arzt German              German doctor
Ascall Gaelic              Gaelic a sheltered place, a bosom, a covert
Asgall Gaelic              Gaelic a sheltered place, a bosom, a covert
Ashburner English             English Charcoal maker
Ashburton Locality            Locality the town on the hill covered or surrounded with ash trees
Ashbury English             English ashtree hill
Ashby Saxon               Saxon the village on a place abounding in ash-trees
Ashcroft English             English East Croft a small field
Asher English             English ashtree spear
Ashford Saxon               Saxon ford over the Ash river
Ashley Saxon               Saxon The lea, field, or pasture abounding in ash-trees
Ashton Saxon               Saxon The ash-hill or town
Ashwin English             English Spear friend
Askew Saxon               Saxon Acksheugh, hilly lands covered with oaks
Askwith Scandinavian        Scandinavian ash wood
Aslett French-Latin        French-Latin Lancelet
Aspinwall Saxon               Saxon aspen-vale
Astley Saxon               Saxon Estley or Eastley, the east meadow or field
Aston Saxon               Saxon Eston or Easton, the east town
Astor Locality            Locality Oster, a town in North Jutland
Atherton Saxon               Saxon Atherstone, a town in Warwickshire, England
Athill Locality            Locality At the hill
Athol Celtic-Gaelic       Celtic-Gaelic ath, a ford, and al, an old word for a rock, a stone
Athow Locality            Locality At the hill
Atkins son of Arthur
Attree Locality            Locality At the tree
Atwater Locality            Locality At the water
Atwell Locality            Locality At the well
Atwood Locality            Locality At the wood
Aubrey German              German Alberic, a name given in hope of power or wealth
Auchinleck Locality            Locality Ach, an elevation, a mound, or round hill, generally level at the top; and leac, a flat stone, a tombstone
Auchmuty Gaelic              Gaelic Ach, an elevation, a mound, and mod, a court, an assembly, a meeting
Aucoin French              French Alcuin, of German origin, meaning friend of the temple
Audley Saxon               Saxon ald or aud, old, and ley, a field or pasture
Augustine Latin               Latin Augustinus, imperial, royal, great, or renowned
Auld Scottish            Scottish Old
Ault Scottish            Scottish Old
Aurelia Latin               Latin Feminine of Aurelius, golden
Aurora Aurea hora, the golden hour
Austin Latin               Latin Augustinus, imperial, royal, great, renowned
Avelin Latin               Latin hazelnut
Averill Locality            Locality Haverill is a town in Suffolk, England
Avery Gaelic              Gaelic Aimhrea contention or disagreement
Avis Latin               Latin Avus grandfather
Axton English             English Stone, monument, or castle
Ayleward ale-keeper
Aylmer Welsh               Welsh Allmor a valley or dale
Aylsworth Cornish-British     Cornish-British Ayles, low meadow, flat lands, washed by a river, sea, or lake, and gwerth, a worth, farm, house, village
Ayres Locality            Locality a river, town, and district of the same name in Scotland
Ayton English             English The River Farm or Village
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